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Education

Doctor of Philosophy (Psychology). University of Minnesota Twin Cities, January 2021.

Master of Arts (Psychology). University of Minnesota Twin Cities, September 2019.

Bachelor of Arts (Biology). Thomas Edison State University, December 2012.

Publications

Under review

Howe, L. J., Rasheed, H., Jones, P. R., Boomsma, D. I., Evans, D. M., Giannelis, A., Willoughby, E. A. ... Brumpton, B., & Davies, N. M. (Under review). Educational attainment, later-life health and mortality: A within-sibship Mendelian randomization study. Preprint published on medRxiv (2022). Preprint DOI: 10.1101/2022.01.11.22268884.

Willoughby, E. A., Kim, Y., Lee, J. J., & DeYoung, C. G. (Under review). The role of personality in predicting choice reaction times with the Big Five Aspect Scale.

2022

McGue, M., Anderson, E. A., Willoughby, E. A., Giannelis, A., Iacono, W. G., & Lee, J. J. (2022). Not by g alone: The benefits of a college education among individuals with low levels of general cognitive ability. Intelligence, 92, 101642. DOI: 10.1016/j.intell.2022.101642.

Howe, L. J., Nivard, M. G., Morris, T., Hansen, A., Rasheed, H., Cho, Y., Chittoor, G., Lind, P., Palviainen, T., ... Giannelis, A., Willoughby, E. A., Andreassen, O., Ask, H. Corfield, E., Hughes, A., Magnus, P., Njolstad, P. R., Stoltenberg, C. Lee, J. J., Oskarsson, S. (2022). Within- sibship GWAS of 25 phenotypes improve estimates of direct genetic effects. Nature Genetics, 54, 581–592. DOI: 10.1038/s41588-022-01062-7.

2021

Willoughby, E. A. (2021). Drawing and painting dinosaurs. Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. ISBN: 978-1785009556.

Willoughby, E. A. & Lee, J. J. (2021). Predicting cognitive ability differences from brain imaging and genetics data. In: The Cambridge handbook of intelligence and neuroscience. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-1108480543

Willoughby, E. A., McGue, M., Iacono, W. G., & Lee, James J. (2021). The heritability of intelligence estimated in biological and adoptive families with 30-year-old offspring. Intelligence, 88(101579). DOI: 10.1016/j.intell.2021.101579.

Willoughby, E. A., & Lee, James J. (2021). Parsing information flow in speeded cognitive tasks: The associations of g with perception and decision time. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 47(11), 1792–1809. DOI: 10.1037/xlm0001026

Willoughby, E. A., Giannelis, A., Ludeke, S., Klemmensen, R., Nørgaard, A. S., Iacono, W. G., Lee, J. J., & McGue, M. (2021). Parent contributions to the development of political attitudes in adoptive and non-adoptive families. Psychological Science, 32(12), 2023–2034. DOI: 10.1177/09567976211021844.

2020

Anderson, E. L., Saunders, G. R. B., Willoughby, E. A., Iacono, W. G., McGue, M. (2020). The role of the shared environment in college attainment: An adoption study. Journal of Personality, 89(3), 580–593. DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12600

McGue, M., Willoughby, E. A., Rustichini, A., Johnson, W., Iacono, W., & Lee, J. J. (2020). The contribution of cognitive and non-cognitive skills to intergenerational social mobility. Psychological Science, 31(7), 835–847. DOI: 10.1177/0956797620924677

Gulsuner, S., Stein, D. J., Susser, E. S., Sibeko, G., Pretorius, A., Walsh, T., Majara, L., Mndini, M. M., Mqulwana, S. G., Ntola, O. A., Casadei, S., Ngqengelele, L. L., Korchina, V., van der Merwe, C., Malan, M., Fader, K. M., Feng, M., Willoughby, E. A. . . . & McClellan, J. M. (2020). Genetics of schizophrenia in the South African Xhosa. Science, 367(6477), 569–573. DOI: 10.1126/science.aay8833

Willoughby, E. A., McGue, M., Iacono, W., Rustichini, A., & Lee, J. J. (2020). The role of parental genotype in predicting offspring years of education: Evidence for genetic nurture. Molecular Psychiatry, 26, 3896–3904. DOI: 10.1038/s41380-019-0494-1

Kane, J. & Willoughby, E. (2020). God’s word or human reason? (Second edition) Portland, Oregon: Inkwater Press. ISBN: 978-1629016382. (Author & lead illustrator)

2019

Willoughby, E. A., Love, A. C., McGue, M., Iacono, W. G., Quigley, J., & Lee, J. J. (2019). Free will, determinism, and intuitive judgments about the heritability of behavior. Behavior Genetics, 49(2), 136–153. DOI: 10.1007/s10519-018-9931-1

2018

Willoughby, E. A. & Boutwell, B. B. (2018). Importance of intelligence and emotional intelligence for physicians. Journal of the American Medical Association, 320(2), 205. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2018.6278

Lee, J. J., Wedow, R., Okbay, A., Kong, E., Maghzian, O., Zacher, M., Nguyen-Viet, T. A., Bowers, P., Sidorenko, J., Linner, R. K., Fontana, M. A., Kundu, T., Lee, C., Li, H., Li, R., Royer, R., Timshel, P. N., Walters, R. K., Willoughby, E. A. . . . Cesarini, D. (2018). Gene discovery and polygenic prediction from a 1.1-million-person GWAS of educational attainment. Nature Genetics, 50(8), 1112–1121. DOI: 10.1038/s41588-018-0147-3

2016

Kane, J., Willoughby, E, & Keesey, T. M. (2016). God’s word or human reason? (First edition) Portland, Oregon: Inkwater Press. ISBN: 1629013722. (Author & lead illustrator)